To understand antisocial personality disorder (ASPD),its necessary to learn what having any personality disorder involves.
As defined by Diagnostic and statistical manual for Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR,2000),a personality disorder (PD) is a persistent pattern of thoughts,feelings and behaviors that is significantly different from what is considered normal within the person's own culture.
Professionals group personality disorders is based on a commonality of symptoms.
Cluster A personality disorders are those that include symptoms of social isolation,and/or odd eccentric behavior.These disorders include
*Paranoid personality disorder.
*Schizotypal personality disorder.
*Schizoid personality disorder.
Cluster B Personality disorders are those that include symptoms dramatic or erratic behaviors (counter social behaviors).These personality disorders include:
Cluster C personality disorders are dominated by difficulties with anxiety and inhibited behavior.These disorders are referred to as and include
*Avoidant Personality disorder.
*Dependent Personality Disorder.
*Obsessive Compulsive Personality disorder (OCD).
Antisocial personality disorder is specifically pervasive pattern of disregarding and violating the rights of others.This pattern must include at least three of the following specific signs and symptoms:
*Lack of confirming to laws,as evidenced by repeatedly committing crimes.
*Repeated deceitfulness in a relationships with others such as lying,using false names,or conning others for profit or pleasure .
*Failure to think or plan ahead (impulsivity).
*Tendency to irritability,anger,and aggression shown by repeatedly assaulting others or getting into frequent physical fights.
*Persistent lack of taking responsibility,such as failing to establish a pattern of good work habits or keeping financial obligations.
*A lack of feeling guilty about wrong doing.
Other important characteristics of this disorder include that it is not diagnosed in children(individuals younger than 18 years of age),but the person must shown symptoms of this diagnosis at least since the age of 15 years.
Additionally,it cannot be diagnosed if the person only shows symptoms of antisocial personality disorder at the same time they are suffering from schizophrenia or when having a manic episode.The disorder tends to occur in about 1% of women and 3% of men in united states.
*Borderline:Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a serious mental illness characterized by pervasive instability in moods,interpersonal relationships,self-image and behavior.
*Narcissistic:Narcissistic personality disorder is one of a group of conditions called dramatic personality disorders.People with these disorders have intense,unstable emotions and a distorted self image.
*Anxiety:Generalized anxiety disorder or GAD is characterized by excessive,exaggerated anxiety and worry about everyday life events.
*Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD):Is an anxiety disorder that is characterized by the sufferer experiencing repeated obsessions and/or compulsions that interferes with the person's ability to function socially,occupationally or educationally either as a result of the amount of the time that is consumed by the symptoms or the marked fear or other distress suffered by the person.
*Schrizophrenia:Schrizonphrenia is a chronic,severe,and disabling brain disorder that has been recognized throughout recorded history.
Medical Author:Roxanne Dryden Edwards-http://www.medicinenet.com